Who is Robertus Grossetesta?June 26, 2021
Robertus Grossetesta (1168-1235) is an important thinker who was educated in Oxford and Paris and served as the first rector of Oxford.
He was influenced by Franciscan thought. Oxford, through his work, became an important center dealing with the sciences especially in the Quadrivium of Septem Artes Liberales (Seven Free Sciences). Grossetesta has important works especially in the field of optics.
Influenced by Aristotle and his Muslim commentators, especially Avicenna, Grosseteste (1170-1253) is a new two-stage research method that requires first resolutio (dissolution) and then compositio (combination) operations in order to be used during scientific researches aimed at recognizing nature. developed and thus laid the foundations of the Cartesian Method four centuries before Descartes; According to him, it is necessary to make use of experiment at the stage of unification after deciphering, that is, during the establishment of assumptions to make sense of the way phenomena occur; The experiment is the only criterion that will show whether the joining process is done correctly.
Inspired by the consideration of optics as a mathematical science since the Greeks, Grosseteste made a connection between physics and mathematics with an interesting approach, and through this approach, which was later adopted by his student Roger Bacon, he showed that physical phenomena can be described with mathematical models; According to him, since the movement of light occurs in accordance with the rules of geometry, all other movements in nature must also occur in accordance with the rules of geometry; So, as Galileo would later state, the universe is a mathematical structure and can be described through mathematics.
As can be seen, some main lines of the understanding of science that would emerge after the Renaissance appeared for the first time in Grosseteste.