Who is Robin George Collingwood?June 26, 2021
R. G. Collingwood was born on February 22, 1889, in Lancashire, England, and died on January 9, 1943. He is one of the most important historians and thinkers of the 20th century, who pioneered the studies to bring philosophy and history together.
After five years at Rugby School, he was admitted to Oxford University in 1908. In 1912 he began teaching philosophy at Oxford; From 1935 to 1941 he was professor of metaphysical philosophy at Oxford. He was among the experts on the subject with his archaeological studies on Britain’s Roman Period. As a result of his interest in art and history starting from his student years at Oxford, he was not satisfied with the classical philosophy taught at Oxford.
From his point of view, philosophy should be concerned with universal concepts like a science. He showed that the main subject of philosophy is more similar to history than nature, and therefore the method to be used by philosophy must be re-determined in this direction, showing how intellectual problems can be solved with the historical approach method.
In An Autobiography, where he aimed to reveal the relationship between philosophy and history, Collingwood argued that these two disciplines should not be considered separately from each other. Influenced by Plato, Vico and Wilson, all of Collingwood’s works are works that define philosophy and history together, aiming to create a kind of idealistic view.