Who is Rudolf Christoph Eucken?

Who is Rudolf Christoph Eucken?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Rudolf Christoph Eucken (Rudolf Kristof Öken) (born 5 January 1846 Aurich (Ostfriesland); died 14 September 1926 Jena) was a German philosopher. He focused on the relationship between human and spirit in his works. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1908. His works have attracted a lot of attention especially in the USA and England.

According to him, Life is a spiritual formation to which we apply to realize its possibilities. Thought alone is an inadequate principle. Eucken is a Personalist philosopher who believes in individual freedom and the existence of God. His method is based on the aim of obtaining a synthetic view of reality rather than being analytical. Unlike other idealists, he opposed more Naturalist views. Because, according to him, Idealism has many positive results. The most important of these results is that it gives importance to absolute values. Representatives of this understanding are known for their belief in the achievements of science and the moral order of the universe. Their weakest point is their over-confidence in the systems of Kant and Hegel. For this reason, they have been accused of not being original by some thought circles.

His ideas have often been seen as a repetition of 19th century Idealism. However, especially Eucken’s understanding of the Deep Spirit has shed light on contemporary thought. The English thinker John Dewey criticized him for bringing Idealism to traditionalism. According to Dewey, idealism: displays a pre-scientific idea by being too concerned with the past, valuing old methods over experimental methods. It also disapproves of making a clear distinction between the noumenal and phenomenal aspects of being. This distinction has been rejected as incomprehensible to the sciences’ attempts to explain the essence of phenomena.

Despite everything, Eucken and his supporters; It is very important to argue that modern man cannot find himself without recognizing unchangeable values. Because, according to them, Modern Man is very changeable and does not have very solid foundations in terms of creating a holistic consciousness. The rapid changes in science and technology are moving this person away from their solid and unchanging foundations. The greatest support in this regard will also come from Idealism.