Who is Samuel Beckett?June 26, 2021
Samuel Barclay Beckett (April 13, 1906; Foxrock, Dublin – December 22, 1989, Paris) was an Irish writer, playwright, critic and poet. He is one of the leading authors of 20th century experimental literature.
He is considered one of the “last modernists” because he was a follower of James Joyce, and one of the “first postmodernists” because he influenced many later writers. Beckett is also considered the most important writer of what Martin Esslin calls “Theatre of the Absurd”. He wrote most of his works in French or English and translated them into other languages himself. His best known work is Waiting for Godot.
Beckett’s works are simple and fundamentally minimalist. According to some interpretations, he wrote quite pessimistic and even nihilistic works about the state of modern man. Beckett, who produces shorter and more concise works, describes this pessimism through black humor. Beckett, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969, was selected as Saoi in Aosdána in 1984, for “constructing his works, which he created in new forms in the genres of novel and drama, on the lack of modern man”.
The Beckett family (original: Becquet) is said to be of Huguenot, that is, French Calvinist descent, and emigrated from France to Ireland in 1685 with the repeal of the Edict of Nantes. However, this theory is considered unlikely. Beckett’s father was a construction surveyor, and his mother was a nurse with deeply religious convictions, “almost a Quaker,” in the author’s words. 6 Members of the Anglican Church of Ireland, the family’s house in Cooldrinagh, in the Dublin suburb of Foxrock, was a large house with a tennis court in the garden, built in 1903 by Samuel’s father, William. In Beckett’s poetry and prose there are traces of this house, the garden, the countryside where he took a stroll with his father, the nearby Leopardstown racetrack, Foxrock Station, and Harcourt Street Station where the train line ended.
Beckett was born in this house on April 13, 1906. But the date on the birth certificate is May 13. It has been suggested that the author, who sees the existence of man in the world as an ordeal that must be suffered, chose the date of April 13, which coincides with the last Friday before Easter (Good Friday), while changing his birthday.
Unlike his brother Frank, who was a strong and docile boy, Samuel was weak, unhealthy, and grouchy. He started attending kindergarten at the age of five, where he received his first musical education. He then attended Earlsford House School on Harcourt Street in the city centre. In 1919, Fermanagh transferred to the Portora Royal School in Enniskillen, where Oscar Wilde also studied. A natural born athletic, Beckett has had great success in cricket as a left-handed batsman. Later, he was featured in Dublin University team and played in two matches against Northamptonshire County Cricket Club. Thus, Beckett became the only Nobel laureate to appear in the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack, considered the holy book of cricket.
II. world War
Fame: Novels and theater
Later life and work
Philosophical and literary effects