Who is Sigmund Freud?June 26, 2021
Sigismund Scholomo Freud (pronounced Zigmund Froyd) (May 6, 1856, Příbor, Moravia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Czech Republic) – died September 23, 1939, London, United Kingdom) was an Austrian neurologist who developed the doctrine of psychoanalysis.
He developed a method in psychiatry called “psychoanalysis”. Accordingly, he looked for the source of mental problems in the problems that patients suppressed and pushed into their subconscious. He tried to heal his patients with a method called “psychotherapy”, which is based on bringing the subconscious emotions of the patients to the surface.
Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis (1856-1939).
Born in Freiberg, Moravia, Sigmund Freud profoundly changed the way people think of our age with his ideas. For a long time, he practiced medicine in Vienna. He was particularly interested in the so-called “nerve” or “mental” diseases, or the so-called “madness”. These diseases are strange because they are not caused by a germ (like measles) or a specific external cause (like a wound). Therefore, their treatment is more difficult than the others; but patients still suffer and cannot lead a normal life.
Freud thought that these illnesses were caused by anxieties felt in the past, especially in childhood, by anxieties and wishes that these people did not want to talk about or even seemed to have forgotten. According to him, these anxieties remained deep in the human soul and prevented them from being happy. Sometimes the discomfort became so serious that it was necessary to hospitalize the patient.
To treat such patients, Freud devised a method he called psychoanalysis. Freud made the patient talk as freely as he could, listening not only to his secret thoughts, but to everything that came to mind, even the memory of an old event or dream that seemed absurd, shameful, or trivial to him, say.
A psychoanalysis may take years, once a week or several sessions. The analyst (who leads the analysis and assists the patient in recounting and understanding their memories) may also complete this personal research work with another analyst.
Psychoanalysis is not just a method of treatment for patients: everyone has memories and excitements in the depths of his soul that he is not conscious of, but that can sometimes prevent him from experiencing the joy of living.
Freud boldly explored the hitherto unknown aspects of the human mind. He studied psychoanalysis alone for ten years. In 1906, some physicians joined his work. In 1908 the first International Congress of Psychoanalysis was convened. Freud, whose works have been translated into many languages, went to England in 1938 when Austria joined Nazi Germany; he wrote his most important article at the age of 80; He died in London.
Also please see:
– What is the psychodynamic approach?
– Freud and periods of personality development
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook