Who is Simone de Beauvoir?June 26, 2021
Long name Simone Lucie-Ernestine-Marie-Bertrand de Beauvoir was a French writer and philosopher who lived from January 9, 1908 to April 14, 1986. Writer of novels, philosophy, political and social essays, biographies and autobiographies, journalist.
Her most important work is The Second Sex (Le Deuxième Sexe), which she wrote in 1949, where she studies the oppression of women and laid the foundations of modern feminism.
Simone de Beauvoir was born on June 9, 1908 in Paris, the daughter of Georges Bertrand and Françoise (Brasseur) de Beauvoir. She is the eldest daughter of a traditional family. In the first part of her autobiography (Memoirs of a Young Girl), she talks about her time as the daughter of a patriarchal family devoted to her religion and country, equipped with responsibilities. It can be said that his personality was shaped as the opposite of his deeply Catholic mother and agnostic father.
One of her two relationships that affect her childhood and adolescence is her relationship with her brother Helen and the other with her friend Zaza. Since Helen’s childhood, she has always tried to teach her something and raise her, and has been in an instructive anxiety in her relationship. Zaza, on the other hand, was the first problem Simone faced with her tragic life and death.
After passing the Baccalauréat exam in mathematics and philosophy, he studied mathematics at the Catholic Institute and studied literature in foreign languages at the Sainte Marie Institute. She later studied philosophy at Sobone. In 1929 she meets Jean-Paul Sartre, who was enrolled in the elite Ecole Normale Supérieure and taking a course at Sabone. It is a common misconception that Beavuvoir was educated at the Ecole Normele. But she is well known by Sartre at this school and other people in the philosophy group. In 1929 she becomes the youngest student to achieve an Aggregation in philosophy. Sartre is first that year, Simone is second. But everyone knows that de Beauvoir was the best at philosophy. Sartre was given first place because she was a man. While in the Sorbonne, he will get the nickname Castor (Brave), which will be known throughout his life.
In 1943, she published the story of her chronic lesbian relationship with Olga Kosakiewicz, one of her students at the Rouen school named Simone Guest Girl (L’Invitée). This story also tells about the complex relationship between de Beauvoir and Sartre and how the relationship was damaged by this triple relationship.
and II. After World War II, he started working for the political newspaper Les Temps Modernes, which De Beauvoir Sartre founded with Maurice Merleau-Ponty and other friends. De Beauvoir developed himself in this newspaper and continued to work as an editor until his death.
In his book On the Moral of Uncertainty (Pour Une Morale de L’ambiguïté, 1947), French existential influences go unnoticed. The book very simply shows the wide angle between Sartre’s philosophies of being and nothingness. De Beauvoir is bisexual. However, she did not reach orgasm until 1947, when she met Nelson Algren at a seminar. She has her first orgasm in a relationship with Beauvoir Algren in Chicago. This also inspired the book The Second Sex, which was published as two separate books in France. This work is translated and published by Howard Parshley on the recommendation of the publisher Alfred A. Knoph’s wife, Blance Knopf, as The Second Sex in America.
Simone de Beauvoir first wrote her essay The Woman: Myth and Reality. She claims in this essay that men see women as mysterious “others” who put men in wrong moods and impressions. And she claims that men use this state of being “other” as a reason why they don’t understand women and their problems, don’t help them, or even put pressure on them. She argued that this situation has become stereotyped in all societies and that those who always hold the hierarchy define the powerless as “other” and describe them as dark shadows hovering around them. He says that this situation is seen in all kinds of opposition in the relations between classes, in the struggle of religious and racial distinctions, but the characterization of “other” and the approach to “other” in no opposition have become as stereotypical as in the distinction between men and women, and it is not given as a justification for the current order of life.
This work of the author was published in France in 1949. There is a feminist existentialism with predominant Freudian aspects. As in existentialism, Beauvoir accepts that existence as a basic principle comes before essence and says, “A woman is not born, she becomes a woman.” reaches the principle.
His research has focused on the concept of the other. De Beauvoir claims that women have always been seen as deviant and abnormal creatures in history, and argues that even Mary Wollstonecraft shows men as the ideal example that they should reach women.
De Beauvoir said, “This situation allows women to perceive themselves as creatures who have deviated from the normal, left out and trying to reach the normal.