Who is Sir Isaiah Berlin?June 25, 2021
Sir Isaiah Berlin is a contemporary English moral and political philosopher.
He was born in Rita, Latvia in 1909. He spent the first half of his life in Russia, first under the Russian Tsardom and then under the power of the new communist state. However, he immigrated to England in 1921 due to rising anti-Semitism and problems with the Soviet regime.
Berlin, one of the most successful students of Oxford University, stayed at Oxford after finishing school and gave lectures. He was a broad-minded philosopher, interested in many fields from art to literature, philosophy to politics. He was also one of the most well-known figures of liberalism.
Berlin, opposing the Marxist view that values are determined by place, time and social conditions, took a stand against determinist teachings and emphasized the importance of protecting moral values and human responsibility and freedom. He is known as the greatest 20th century representative of the conservative and Scottish liberal school. He opposed the directing of societies to a single right through reason, and argued that each society would develop different life preferences and norms based on its own valuable historical experience, that these values may differ according to society and individuals, as well as conflict with each other, which is normal as well as good.
– Isaiah Berlin’s understanding of freedom