Who is Stephen William Hawking?June 26, 2021
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942, Oxford) was an English physicist and cosmologist.
When Hawking was eight years old, he went to St Albans, 20 miles from North London. He enrolled at St Albans school at the age of 11. After graduating from here, he attended his father’s old school, Oxford University college.
Although his father wanted him to be interested in medicine, he loved mathematics. But the school did not have a mathematics department. So he started studying physics instead. Three years later he was awarded the first class honor in natural sciences.
Hawking then went to Cambridge to study Cosmology. At that time there was no study of cosmology at Oxford. Dennis Sciama was appointed, although he wanted Fred Hoyle as his advisor at Cambridge. After earning his doctorate, he became first a research assistant and later an assistant professor at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Astronomical Institute in 1973, Hawking moved on to Applied mathematics and Theoretical physics. After 1979 he became a Lucasian professor of mathematics in the mathematics department. This professorship was established in 1663 by Henry Lucas, a member of the university parliament. It was first given to Isaac Barrow, then to Isaac Newton in 1669.
Hawking studied the basic principles of the universe. Together with Roger Penrose, he showed that Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, covering Space and Time, began with the Big Bang and ended with black holes. This result revealed that quantum mechanics and the General Theory of Relativity should be combined. This was one of the greatest inventions of the second half of the twentieth century. As a result of this merger, it was revealed that black holes are not actually completely black, but that they emit radiation, evaporate and become invisible. Another conclusion was that the universe had no end and no limit. This meant that the beginning of the universe occurred entirely within the framework of scientific rules.
Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with incurable Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) at the age of 21 in the early 1960s. Paralyzing the nervous system by killing eighty percent of motor neurons over time; however, this disease, which did not affect the mental activities of the brain, condemned Hawking to live in a wheelchair. Since the famous scientist has lost his voice since 1985, he can communicate with people thanks to his computer, which is placed in his seat and can convert texts into sound. He is the most well-known name among living scientists in the world today for his claims about quantum physics and black holes. His books have been translated into 40 languages; He also sold enough to provide the financial independence needed to popularize his crazy theoretical knowledge of the universe and develop the applied mathematics and theoretical physics laboratory at Cambridge University. Hawking creates a mysterious personality with his illness. In his last book, “The Universe in a Walnut Shell”, he stated that the world could face a great disaster and brought up the establishment of human colonies in space. The book “A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes,” which became a phenomenon and sold millions of dollars, brought Hawking real fame. Unveiling the secret behind important discoveries since the publication of his first book, “The Universe in a Walnut Shell” can be considered a continuation of “A Brief History of Time”. With his new book, the author takes us to the heights of theoretical physics, where facts are often more surprising than fiction, and provides insightful comments on the fundamental principles of the universe. The book, which opens the door to the most provocative secrets of the universe, from the theory of relativity to time travel, from super-gravity to supersymmetry, from quantum theory to M-Theory and holistic brain perception, combines Einstein’s “General Theory of Relativity” with Richard Feynman’s multiple past thinking. He’s trying to develop a complete and single theory that can describe what’s going on. The reader can perceive the book as a scientific work or easily evaluate it as a science-fiction novel. Hawking’s ability to “picture complex propositions with analogies drawn from daily life” allows this. In 2012, he also published his book ‘Grand Design’. In his books, Stephen Hawking, who generally denies the existence of ‘GOD’, wrote in this book that he can be a creator in the light of science. …
Stephen Hawking is considered the brightest theoretical physicist since Einstein. He received 12 honorary degrees. He was awarded the CBE in 1982 and received many other medals and awards. He is a member of the Royal Society and the National Academy of Sciences (N.A.S.).
Stephen Hawking, with his children’s books, influenced children and brought them closer to cosmology. The books he wrote also expanded the imagination of children.