Who is Thomas Hobbes?June 26, 2021
Thomas Hobbes was the great English philosopher who lived from 5 April 1588 to 4 December 1679. Leviathan, written by Thomas Hobbes in 1651, drew the path of western political philosophy and became a bedside book. Although Hobbes is known today as a political philosopher, he was interested in many fields such as history, geometry and ethics and produced works.
Thomas Hobbes suggested that everything that exists is physical matter and that everything can be explained by the movement of matter.
Thomas Hobbes, a philosopher who is difficult to classify; Like Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, he is an empiricist, and unlike them, he is an admirer of the mathematical method. He was not only interested in mathematics, but also in its applications. It was generally inspired by Galileo rather than Bacon.
WHO IS THOMAS HOBBES?
At the age of 15, Hobbes studied scholastic logic and Aristotelian philosophy at Oxford. At the age of twenty-two, he took the position of Lord Hardwick’s teacher and went on a long journey with his student. Hobbes visited Galileo in Italy during this trip. It was at this time that he started working on Galilei and Kepler, which he was very impressed with.
When the long parliament met in 1640 and Laud and Strafford were imprisoned in the Tower of London, Hobbes was horrified and fled to France and did not return for 11 years. For a time, Hobbes was the future World War II. He taught Charles.
II. The re-establishment of the monarchy by Charles on the throne in 1660 gave Hobbes the opportunity to come to the fore once again. Although the bishops and the minister of justice reacted against his admission to the palace, the king, who liked Hobbes’s quick wit and wit, paid him a salary of 100 pounds a year and had his portrait hung in the gallery in the palace.
The bill prepared by the House of Commons against profanity and atheism in 1666 put Hobbes in a difficult position. When the committee to which the bill was sent was instructed to examine Leviathan, Hobbes, who was about 80 years old, burned his articles that he considered dangerous.
The rationalist and secular spirit of Leviathan vexed many of the refugees and angered Anglicans and French Catholics alike. Therefore, Hobbes, who had no other choice, secretly fled to London and applied to the British Government for protection. There he bowed to Cromwell and avoided any political work.
A Word About Thomas Hobbes
“In his lifetime, Hobbes witnessed two revolutions, one intellectual and the other political. When it comes to the political one, that is, the limitation of absolute monarchy to the representative institutions of parliamentary democracy, Hobbes is a complete counter-revolutionary. The intellectual revolution, that is, the god-centered and Aristotelian revolution of the Middle Ages. He is a revolutionary when it comes to abandoning his worldview and adopting the new natural sciences, mechanical explanation and experimental method. Ahmet Cevizci – Paradigm Philosophy Dictionary
Hobbes, who claims that knowledge is empirical in terms of its source and results, that sensations, sense-experience are the basis of all our knowledge, that time and space are only imaginary designs, and that philosophy corresponds to the activity of inferring the causes from the results, and the results from the causes, Hobbes, throughout his lifetime, said that witnessed two revolutions, the political one.
When it comes to the political of these revolutions, that is, the limitation of absolute monarchy to representative institutions of parliamentary democracy, Hobbes is a complete counter-revolutionary.
On the other hand, when it comes to the intellectual revolution, that is, the abandonment of the medieval theocentric and Aristotelian worldview and the adoption of the new natural sciences, mechanical explanation and experimental method, he is a complete revolutionary.
Hobbes, who aimed to develop a unified view of science in which appropriate and necessary political institutions would be deduced from facts or facts about human nature, and these facts about human nature from facts about the nature of the universe, also adopted the method of geometry in his philosophy, just like a rationalist. certain, a priori deducible from a few principles, it consists of informative conclusions, propositions.
Hobbes, who does not make a distinction between philosophy and science, and whose philosophy consists of expanding the scope of scientific method to include politics with personal research, is a positivist because he believes that every problem can be solved by the methods of natural sciences in principle, and that the methods and researches of natural sciences can also be used to explain people and politics. has to be a thinker.
Hobbes’ choice words
Mind as a machine
How did the state arise?
Purpose and nature of philosophy
Parts of philosophy
method of philosophy
world of objects