Who is Titus Lucretius (Lukretius, Lucretius) Carus?June 26, 2021
Lucretius, (Titus Lucretius Carus) BC 99 – BC He is a Roman poet and philosopher who lived between 55 BC, went crazy before he could finish his writings, and killed himself with his own hand.
Lucretius, a Roman poet and thinker, brought the Epicurean philosophy into a whole with his 6-book De Rerum Natura (On the Universe) and became a pioneer in the Western world’s recognition of Epicurus.
The philosophy of Lucretius is a philosophy that consoles humanity (consolatio). In this sense, the case he has undertaken is great. The aim is to free the human soul from the fear of God, death, and suffering in the next world, so that it can lead a happy life in this world.
Lucretius states that in order for humanity to be happy, it is necessary to get rid of the pressure of false beliefs, which are the source of great suffering, at every opportunity. He was greatly influenced by his efforts to adopt moral rules and built his entire philosophy on these teachings. According to him, Epicurus is a savior who suddenly descends to the world when human life is in darkness and disperses these darknesses one by one.
Lucretius, who took it upon himself to undertake this savior in Rome, first starts to think about the nature of the soul and develops a teaching as follows: The soul has a material structure; It consists of atoms and disappears with the disintegration of atoms. The soul exists as a separate entity in the body. Just as it causes the movement of the body, its life ends when it leaves the body.
The atoms that make up the soul are very thin, small and round. That’s why it has an astonishing ability to move. The fact that the weight of the body does not change when the soul leaves the body when a person dies is proof of how thin these atoms are. The fact that there are many different types of souls also shows us that the soul is composed of several such atoms or matter.
The nature of the soul and the soul-body relationship in Lucretius
Lucretius’s atomist views and the soul-atom relationship
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım