Who is Tommaso Campanella? (Giovanni Domenico)

Who is Tommaso Campanella? (Giovanni Domenico)

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

(5 September 1568, Stilo, Kingdom of Naples – 21 May 1639, Paris) was an Italian poet, writer and Platonist philosopher.

He is best known for his utopia, Land of the Sun (Latin title: Civitas Solis, Italian title: La Città del Sole).

Campanella was born in Stilo in 1568. In 1583, he entered the Dominican order and took the name Tommaso. In 1589 he went to Naples, where he published Philosophia sensibus demostrata (1591; Philosophy Explained by the Senses). In Padova he met Galileo Galilei; He would defend Galileo many years later in his Apologia pro Galilaeo (1616; Defense of Galileo). Campanella was accused of perversion and arrested in 1593, but acquitted. In 1596 he defended himself against accusations of heresy. Tomasso Campanella had prepared an uprising plan in 1599 to liberate Calabria from Spanish rule and to establish his dream communist order. The notables of Calabria were also involved in this plan, but a large arrest was initiated when the preparations for the rebellion were reported, and Campanella was also arrested in this context. An Ottoman ship was waiting off Calabria to rescue the rebels in case the uprising failed. Cigaloğlu Pasha, originally from Calabria, from which the name Cağaloğlu comes from, was in constant contact with Campananella. However, after the uprising was suppressed before it started, Cigaoloğlu Pasha had to return to the Ottoman lands again.

While spending 27 years here, he wrote the most beautiful poems of Italian Literature. He was arrested and taken to Naples after the plan of the uprising was exposed. He confessed to taking part in the uprising as a result of torture, but he avoided the death penalty by pretending to be insane and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

He was released in 1626. When it was determined that he was involved in a plot against the Spaniards in Naples in 1634, he fled to France.

Campanella died in Paris in 1639.

Campanella wrote Land of the Sun while in prison. Like Thomas More a century ago, Campanella takes Plato’s Politea (The State 1942, 1946) as an example in his work. The rulers of the Land of the Sun are intellectuals. The highest ruler of the country is a philosopher priest. Each individual undertakes a task to be useful to society. Private property is forbidden, everything is common.

Some of Campanella’s other works are the Scelta (1622; Selections), Metafisica (1638; Metaphysics) and Theologia (1613-1614; Theology), in which he collected his lyrical poems.

Please look:

– Campanella’s utopia called the Land of the Sun

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook