Who is Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt?June 26, 2021
He is a German psychologist.
Wilhelm Wundt is the founder of psychology as a formal and academic science. Wundt; He established the first psychology laboratory, prepared the first psychology journal, and introduced experimental psychology as a science to the world of science.
Wundt’s areas of interest; sensation and perception, attention, emotion, reaction and association.
Wundt was born in a small town in Germany and lived the first years of his life in intense loneliness. He got low grades in school and lived the typical “only child” life (his older brother was in a boarding school) – his only friend his age was a mentally handicapped boy who was good-natured but could talk so little.
Wundt’s father was a pastor. Wundt’s first memories of his father were not very pleasant, although his parents were quite playful and sociable. Wundt vividly remembered how, in his 80s, he had fallen down the stairs trying to follow his father. He also remembered that his father visited him at school one day and slapped him for not paying attention to his teacher. At the start of his sophomore year, a young parish pastor, his father’s assistant, took over Wundt’s education. Wundt felt a much stronger attachment to this young man than his emotional attachment to his parents. Wundt was turned upside down when the parish priest was sent to another town. Thereupon, this young parish priest was allowed to live with him. And she stayed with him until he was 13 years old.
In Wundt’s family there was a strong tradition of scholarship and well-known people in virtually every discipline. It was said that “indeed, no family tree in Germany has as many mentally active and productive individuals as Wundt’s family” (Bringmann, Balance, Evans, 1975, p. 288) Unfortunately, this influential family tradition could not be continued by Wundt again. it looked like.
Wundt spent most of his time daydreaming rather than studying, and he failed the first year of Gymnasium. He did not get along with his classmates, and was often slapped by one of the teachers and ridiculed by the others. And once he couldn’t stand it and ran away from school. This was not a promising start at all.
Wundt gradually learned to take control of his dreams and even became quite popular. Although he never enjoyed school life, he developed his mental interests and abilities. She was ready for college when she graduated from school at the age of 19.
Wundt earned his living while at the same time deciding to become a doctor in order to study science. His therapeutic work led Wundt to spend a year at the University of Tübingen. He spent the next three and a half years in Heidelberg, where he studied anatomy, physiology, medicine and chemistry, where he was greatly influenced by Robert Bunsen, who was famous in the field of chemistry. He gradually realized that medical education was not for him and turned to physiology.
After a semester’s work in Berlin with the great physiologist Johannes Muller, Wundt returned to Heidelberg in 1855 to pursue his doctorate. The period of associate professorship in physiology began in Heidelberg from 1852 to 1864. In 1858 he was appointed Helmholtz’s assistant. But the task of familiarizing new students to the basics of the lab became tedious to him, and he gave up on this routine after a few years. He became an assistant professor in 1864 and remained at Heidelberg until 1874.
The idea of psychology as an independent and experimental science was beginning to come to mind in Wundt’s mind while he was doing physiology research at Heidelberg. His first thoughts on psychology as a new science took place in his book Contributions to the Theory of Sensory Perception. Various parts of this book were published between 1858 and 1862. In this book, Wundt included his views on the methods of the new psychology, as well as describing his original experiments in his home laboratory. Wundt discussed experimental psychology for the first time. Wundt’s work with Fechener’s Elements (1860) has often been thought of as the birth of the new science in the field of literature.
Beitrage was followed in 1863 by another, more important book: Lectures on the Human and Animal Minds. The fact that the book was revised with an English translation nearly 30 years after its first edition, and that new editions were reprinted repeatedly until Wundt’s death in 1920, is a sign of the importance of this book. The book discussed many of the problems that had caught the attention of experimental psychologists for several years.
Wundt began teaching physiological psychology at Heidelberg in 1867. This was the first time Wundt had formally presented such a lecture. Apart from this Heidelberg work, The Principles of Physiological Psychology, often cited as the most important book in the history of psychology, was published in two parts in 1873 and 1874. Six editions of the book were made in 37 years, the last one in 1911. Undoubtedly Wundt’s masterpiece, this book is officially recognized as a laboratory science, with psychology’s unique problems and experimental methods.