Who is Wilhelm Ostwald?June 26, 2021
He is a chemist. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1909.
He studied at Dorpat University. He became professor of chemistry at the Riga Polytechnic (1881), professor of physical chemistry at the University of Leipzig (1897), and head of the Institute of Electrochemistry of the same city (1898). He was especially known for his work on electrolytes and catalysis. By applying the law of mass effect to the ionization of electrolytes in 1888, he found the law of dilution, which is named after him. If the dilution increases indefinitely, the ionization is complete. Ostwald made catalysis a chemical kinetics problem by describing the reaction rate. In 1907, he produced nitric acid industrially by catalyzing ammonia. But, not accepting the reality of atoms, he made an energetic description of the universe in 1908 and thus became one of the chiefs of an energetic school of philosophy. After 1887 he published Zeitschrift der Physikalische Chemie together with Van’t Hoff. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1909.