Who is William of Auvergne?December 13, 2020
Auvergneli William is the famous 13th century thinker of Christian medieval philosophy.
Influenced by the Aristotelian tradition of thought as well as by the Augustinus tradition, as well as by Avicenna, William made a distinction between essence and existence, and used this distinction to distinguish between God and his creatures, just as in Islamic philosophy. Accordingly, the essence of finite beings is separate from their existence, and they do not necessarily exist; however, as far as God as the necessary Being is concerned, we see that His essence is not separated from his existence. This means, according to William, that God is pure existence where finite creatures derive their existence from another being.
William, who rejected the idea that the world or matter is eternal with the hierarchical order of minds coming from Aristotle, said that God created the world in time, directly and from nothing. In contrast, the philosopher-theologian, who adopted the Aristotelian understanding of hilomorphic existence, remained in the final analysis a transitional thinker on the path from Aristotle to Thomas of Aquinas.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 3rd Year “History of Contemporary Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)