Who is Zenodotos (Zenodotus)?June 26, 2021
Zenodotos (Ephesian) (late 3rd century BC), ancient Greek grammarian and first director of the Library of Alexandria.
He compiled the works of ancient Greek poets and published the first critical edition of the Homeric epics.
I and II. He lived during the Ptolemaic era. He was a disciple of Philetas of Kos. BC y. He was appointed head of the Library of Alexandria in 284. During this assignment, he presided over the compilation of Ancient Greek epic and lyric poems. By comparing the different manuscripts of the Homeric epics, he removed the lines of doubtful authenticity, changed the order of some lines and made various corrections, then divided the Iliad and the Odyssey into 24 books each. The Homeric edition of Zenodotus was later severely criticized for being subjective.
Aristarchus of Samothrace (c. 217-c. 145), one of the later administrators of the Library of Alexandria, made important changes in the work. Zenodotos also prepared a dictionary called Glossai on the Homeric epics. He also published Hesiod’s Theogonia (“The Birth of the Gods”) and treatises on Pindar. Parts of this last work have survived, thanks to a papyrus found at Oksyrynkhos. It is said that Zenodotos also wrote epic poems.