Wittgenstein: Lessons in AestheticsJune 27, 2021
1. It is interesting what people infer aesthetics as a kind of science. I would love to talk about what they mean by aesthetics.
2. You may think that aesthetics is a science that explains what is beautiful. It would be ridiculous to even say that. I guess then it should also tell us which types of coffee taste good.
3. I roughly think of this event as: When a good meal is eaten or a good smell is heard, etc. There is an area where pleasure emerges. There is also a field of art that is completely different, no matter how much we make the same facial expression when we have a nice meal or listen to a nice piece of music. (We can also cry over something much loved)
4. Suppose we run into someone on the street who has lost their best friend, and that person makes it clear with their tone of voice and gestures. It can be said, “His way of expressing himself was beautiful!” Let’s say we then ask ourselves the question: “How does my liking for vanilla ice cream compare with my admiration for this person’s self-expression?” This comparison may seem rather absurd. (But a connection can be made between the two) When someone says, “But that’s another kind of pleasure!” Let’s pretend you said. Do we learn then that “pleasure” means something different? The same word is used in both cases. Although in the first case the feeling of pleasure is not included in our judgment, there is any relationship between such pleasures.
5. As if it were said, “This is how I view works of art; some are nice and some I despise.” This can be quite interesting. We can explore all kinds of relationships that make us like or despise works of art and other things. For example, if we discover that we enjoy eating vanilla ice cream, perhaps we will no longer attach much importance to that indulgence. There may also be a small space full of experiences where I can decide whether something I like or dislike. For example, wearing blue or green trousers in one society may make a lot of sense, in another society it may not mean anything.
6. How do we express that we like something? Is it just our reactions and facial expressions? Of course no. Usually it depends on how often I read something or how often I wear a suit. Maybe I don’t say “This suit is nice” once, I just wear it often and stare at it.
7. Suppose we are building a house. We make windows and doors according to certain dimensions. Is it because we like these dimensions because of what we say? Are things we enjoy called an expression of contentment? (It is immediately obvious that we like something)
8. Take fashion, for example. How does fashion emerge? With the skirt width being wider than last year? Does this mean that tailors like this style more? Of course not out of necessity. This is how she models the skirts this year and they are sewn wider. Maybe they found last year’s skirt models too narrow, (for this reason) they are sewing wider this year. Perhaps no expression of contentment is used in doing so. (But the tailor doesn’t say “it’s so beautiful”. She’s a good tailor. She’s just satisfied)
9. A door is designed, looked at and said: “Higher, higher, higher… ok that’s fine.” ( Gesture) What is this? An expression of pleasure?
10. We can name perhaps the most important thing for aesthetics, for example, discontent, disgust, and restlessness, the aesthetic response, and we cannot equate the expression of discontent with the expression of uneasiness. Discontent can be expressed as follows: “Make it higher, it’s too low!…just do something!”
11. What we call the expression of discontent is the expression of unease plus the demand to understand the cause of this unrest and to eliminate this unrest? When I say, “This door is too low, it has to be higher!” can I also say that I know the reason for my uneasiness?
12. The word “reason” is used in many different ways:
a. “What is the reason for unemployment?”, “What is the reason for this statement?
b. When asked “What is the reason for the startle?”, “That noise” is said as the reason.
c. When asked “What is the reason for this gear turning?”, the mechanism is shown as the reason.
13. There is a “why” question about aesthetic discomfort, but there is no “reason”. The expression uneasy takes the form of criticism and has a meaning other than “I can’t suppress my feelings” or something like that. This statement can also take the form of, for example, I’m examining a picture and I say, “What’s wrong with this picture?”
14. “Can we directly become conscious of the right cause?” When we ask the question, a statistic is not thought of first, but the discovery of a mechanism. It has been said so often that one thing is caused by another, that it is just a co-occurrence. How strange is that? pretty odd! The fact that “it’s just an observed result” suggests that something else could happen. It may be an experience but then it’s