Wittgenstein: Philosophy as Language

Wittgenstein: Philosophy as Language

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

For a period in the mid-twenties, Wittgenstein dominated philosophy at Cambridge and J. L. Austin at Oxford. The methods of these two philosophers overlapped.

Both are problems of philosophy, of the world in which we find ourselves – time, space, matter, causal relationship etc. He thought that its fundamental mysteries were born not from the things that confront us, but from the tangles into which we have tumbled as a result of our misuse of language (such as getting ourselves into a logical mess by using the term “evidence” in an inappropriate context).

Of course, this example of the term “evidence” is very simple. The kinds of confusion that philosophers deal with are much more complex than that.

According to Wittgenstein and Austin, the task of philosophy is to remove such confusions by carefully analyzing the ways we use language. While many records of experimental research have been conducted in this field, the researchers also had the opportunity to demonstrate brilliant and ingenious analysis that they greatly enjoyed. However, this approach did not address philosophical problems outside of language and logic. He gave a rationality to philosophy. Whether it’s common sense, politics, the legal system, etc. You were interested, it was said that experimental problems would be settled by experimental methods. Contrary to what many people believed in the past, philosophy could not contribute at this level. His task was to analyze and clarify their conceptual forms. On this basis, in the English-speaking world, philosophy has for the most part been dealing with language alone, and meaning, sign, and truth have become major concerns.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook